The History of Holography
1947 Hungarian scientist Denis Gabor invents holography (for which he is awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1971); he made two-dimensional (flat image) holograms with a mercury arc lamp using exposures of many hours.
1958 Yuri Denisyuk invented volume holography, the process used to make white light reflection holograms. He also used mercury arc lamps as the light source. Prof Denisyuk was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1970 (roughly the Soviet equivalent of the Nobel Prize).
1960 Theodore H Maiman made the first device for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation – or laser, providing a more powerful source of the coherent, monochrome light required to produce holograms.
MasterCard adds a hologram to its payment cards to combat fraud. The following year Visa follows suit.
Hershey Corp uses a licensed image of ET® on 2D3D hologram stickers as a promotion for its chocolate confectionary, Reese's Pieces, the first major brand to use a hologram for promotion.
Johnnie Walker Scotch whisky is the first major brand to use a hologram to combat product counterfeiting.
DuPont launches its holographic photopolymer for production of white light reflection, or volume, holograms.